Post-operative management and follow-up of surgical treatment in the case of rectovaginal and retrocervical endometriosis

Vito Chiantera, Elene Abesadze, Jalid Sehouli, Sylvia Mechsner, Vito Chiantera, Jalid Sehouli

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1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Introduction: Deep infiltrating endometriosis (DIE) affects between 3.8% and 37% of all endometriosis patients, mostly affecting rectovaginal septum or retrocervical space and characterized by the severe endometriosis-related complaints. Nowadays, generally managed with surgery. However, this is associated with a risk of postoperative complications. To better evaluate intra- and postoperative complications and outcomes for rectovaginal (RVE) and retrocervical endometriosis (RCE), the preoperative management should be accurately described and compared. Methodology: This is a cohort retrospective study performed at the Endometriosis Centre of Charité-University Clinic, Berlin. 34 patients were investigated in their reproductive age, n = 19 with RVE and n = 15 RCE, operated between 2011 and 2015. The surgical approach was divergent in both groups. Single laparoscopy was performed in RCE patients (RCEP) and vaginal assisted laparoscopy in RVE patients (RVEP). Long-term postoperative outcome included complications, fertility rate and recurrence rate. Results: The median follow-up time was three years (y). Symptom-free status was revealed in n = 12 RVEP and n = 9 RCEP. Postoperatively, endometriosis-related complaints were presented in n = 7 RVEP and n = 6 RCEP, but with significant pain relief. From n = 8 RVE patients seeking fertility, pregnancy occurred in n = 7 and from n = 9 RCEP pregnancy appeared in n = 5 patients in the meantime of 6 months. Postoperative complications were reported in n = 1 RVEP with early postoperative bleeding, after ureter leakage and n = 1 RCEP with postoperative anastomotic insufficiency. The postoperative recurrence rate was equivalent to zero. Conclusion: The appropriate surgical approach for each group, preserving anatomy and functionality of the organs, seems to be very essential and efficient.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)957-967
Number of pages11
JournalArchives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
Volume302
Publication statusPublished - 2020

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Obstetrics and Gynaecology

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