Study Objective: Beside the pain, there are 2 further problems in the management of endometriosis: the high recurrence rate (10% per year) and the high rate of impaired fertility. The objective of this study was to investigate the pathogenesis of these 2 factors. Design: This is a retrospective cohort study, and the aim is to evaluate the complete excision of endometriotic lesions, including the posterior compartment of the peritoneum, with regard to postoperative outcome, focusing on relieving pain, increasing fertility rate, and decreasing recurrence rate. Setting: Charité-University Clinic, Department of Gynaecology, Endometriosis research Centre. Patients: Fifty-four patients were enrolled in this study, with severe deep infiltrating endometriosis (scored by ENZIAN) and superficial endometriosis, as well as endometriomas (revised American Society for Reproductive Medicine [rASRM] I = 3; II = 15; III = 10; and IV = 26). Interventions: Posterior compartment peritonectomy (visible endometriotic lesions and inflamed altered peritoneum) was performed in all patients as part of a complex surgery: complete excision of endometriosis. Measurements and Main Results: Postoperative outcomes were evaluated, based on the postoperative follow-up (up to 5 years) of 54 investigated patients. In 36 women (66%) preoperative complaints were eliminated. Furthermore, of 28 women seeking improved fertility, pregnancy was reported in 13 cases (46%). In 7 (54%) cases pregnancy occurred spontaneously, and in the remainder with assisted fertilization. In addition, long-term follow-up demonstrated a recurrence rate in 1.8% of patients. Conclusion: Overall, the number of complaints was significantly reduced. Only in the case of reproductive-aged women with ongoing postoperative complaints was it important to preserve the uterus. Although this pilot study on systematic posterior peritonectomy showed improvement in recurrence and fertility rate, the main question remains: will this surgical technique achieve better results and outcomes in the future? This has to be addressed in a prospective randomized study.
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology|
|Publication status||Published - 2019|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Obstetrics and Gynaecology