Polyamide-Based Fibers Containing Microwave-Exfoliated Graphite Nanoplatelets

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Exfoliated Graphite NanoPlatelets (GNP) have been obtained from Graphite Intercalation Compounds (GIC) subjected to thermal and microwave treatments. Accurate morphological and structural characterization of obtained GNP, performed to compare the degree of exfoliation, show that microwave-treated GNP, exhibit well-exfoliated structure, without any reduction in dimensions compared with the native GIC, differently to the thermal-treated ones. Microwave-treated GNP have been introduced in polyamide (PA) through melt-mixing to obtain nanocomposite that has been subjected to elongational flow, with the aim to improve the nanofiller dispersion and induce GNP orientation along the fiber direction. Upon extensional flow, really, GNP are able to further exfoliate and to align along the flow direction, leading to obtain advanced nanocomposite with excellent mechanical performance. Finally, both GNP loading and stretching lead to a significant variation in crystalline PA phase, detected by thermal and nuclear magnetic resonance analysis in the solid state.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)786-797
Number of pages12
JournalAdvances in Polymer Technology
Publication statusPublished - 2018

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Chemical Engineering
  • Organic Chemistry
  • Polymers and Plastics


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