The paper aims to analyze the evolution of the “ne bis in idem” prohibitionin the European Union law, with a rereading in a “substantial” key,based on the so called “Engel criteria”, from recent european and nationaljurisprudence. More precisely, according to this interpretative orientation,this prohibition could be violated regardless of the "criminal"qualification attributed to penalties or judicial procedures aimed at punishingthe same fact several times. On the basis of these considerations, itwill be asked if this prohibition can operate today where competitions aresanctions or proceedings originating from different legal systems. In particularthe possible violations of “ne bis in idem” principle will be analyzedregarding all the relations between the sports legal system and the statelegal system.
|Number of pages||15|
|Journal||RIVISTA DI DIRITTO DELL'ECONOMIA, DEI TRASPORTI E DELL'AMBIENTE|
|Publication status||Published - 2019|