Plasma Viscosity and NLR in Young Subjects with Myocardial Infarction: Evaluation at the Initial Stage and at 3 and 12 Months

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Abstract

In the “Sicilian study on juvenile myocardial infarction,” we had evaluated plasma viscosity (PV) and neutrophil/lymphocyte ratio (NLR) in patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) at the age of ⩽45 years. Now, we examined the relationship between these 2 parameters in 120 subjects (109 men and 11 women) aged ⩽45 years with recent AMI. The patients were classified according to the number of cardiovascular risk factors, the electrocardiographic criteria (ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction [STEMI] or non-ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction [NSTEMI]), and the extent of coronary stenosis, evaluated with coronary angiography. On fasting venous blood, we measured PV at the shear rate of 450 s−1 and NLR. The control group included 50 healthy subjects (mean age = 35.1 ± 7.8 years). At the initial stage, PV and NLR were significantly increased in comparison with controls. Subdividing AMI patients according to the median value of NLR, in the group with high NLR PV was significantly higher, whereas subdividing the patients according to the PV median value, NLR was not different between the 2 groups; 3 and 12 months after AMI, we observed only a significant decrease in NLR. Only PV was discriminant regarding the cardiovascular complications registered during an 18-month follow-up. The evaluation of PV may be of prognostic value in juvenile AMI.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1179546819849428-
Number of pages5
JournalCLINICAL MEDICINE INSIGHTS. CARDIOLOGY
Volume13
Publication statusPublished - 2019

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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