Pitré, la cultura alimentare e i quesiti semasiologici dell’Atlante Linguistico della Sicilia

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Abstract

[automatically translated] Of the more than 700 questions that make up the food Questionnaire Linguistic Atlas of Sicily (ALS), more than a hundred are semasiological type. Over 100 questions on semasiologici 700 are a significant number when you consider that, in dell'atlantistica, the semasiological approach has been mostly considered 'second level', being mainly the preserve of lexicography and '(ethno) semantics. The idea of inserting, instead, programmatically, already in a "Questionnaire" considerable number of semasiologiche questions, as in the case of the FTA food campaign, certainly moves from the assumption, due to a prescanned knowledge, that a number of "words "food can mean" things "different in different areas, or which are words whose presence is limited to certain specific areas or to well-circumscribed survey points. Upon definitive food questionnaire drafting of the FTA, other Italian regional atlantistiche experience had clearly shown, on the other hand, it is extremely difficult to work with questions of semasiological type, consisting primarily difficulties in establishing which already dialect word used before to ask what it means. In the case of the Questionnaire of the FTA, the chosen dialect coincided with that found in the vocabulary of dialect. But the collector who has worked with the "Food Questionnaire" could have not only the lexical typing, but also the semantics. In the food questionnaire of the FTA, in fact, the meanings of potentially polysemous words are collected and structured in a kind of Appendix (see. G. Ruffino and Nara Bernardi, for research on culture and gastronomic vocabulary in Sicily. clipboard and materials, Palermo 2000) with the production of a " Glossary ", useful in tracking questions about the ambiguity of potentially polysemous meanings (questions semasiologici), thanks to a series of information obtained, as well as experience gained from a few sources of safe custody. Among these "sources", importance is attributed to Pitre, whose work you can detect shapes and meanings coincide with forty of the 100 questions semasiologici present in the food questionnaire ALS. In relation to semasiologici questions and especially for those who see Pitre as the only source, it might be interesting to take a first look at the material collected with food surveys, using the questionnaire in an attempt to assess productivity. It is therefore proposed, by way 'of example, the case of sciabbò (Pitre, "Shows and Sicilian pollari parties", p. 169) concerning, moreover, the scope of the dough, until now little studied within the yard of 'Linguistic Atlas of Sicily.
Original languageItalian
Number of pages0
JournalDIALOGHI MEDITERRANEI
Volume2016
Publication statusPublished - 2016

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