Phenoloxidase-dependent cytotoxic mechanism in ascidian (Styela plicata) hemocytes active against erythrocytes and K562 tumor cells

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Abstract

The cytotoxic activity against rabbit erythrocytes (RE) and human K562 tumor cells by Styela plicata hemocytes was significantly related to the phenoloxidase (PO) which converts phenols to quinone and initiates the melanogenic pathway. The effector hemocyte population, separated in a Percoll density gradient band, enriched in a granulocyte type named "morula cells", was examined with RE in a hemocyte cytotoxic assay and plaque forming cell assay. Inhibition experiments with the copper chelating agents 1-phenyl-2-thiourea and tropolone, the substrate analogue sodium benzoate and sodium ascorbate support the notion that hemocyte cytotoxic activity is a PO-dependent mechanism. Treatments of hemocytes with the antioxidant enzymes, superoxide dismutase and catalase rule out oxy radicals produced by the melanogenic process as responsible of erythrolysis. Such a result suggests that quinone compounds derived from the melanogenic pathway might be the cytotoxic molecules. The PO-dependent anti-RE activity was also shown in a plaque forming assay in which "morula cells", containing polyphenols and PO, were identified as cytotoxic.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)302-7-
Number of pages6
JournalEuropean Journal of Cell Biology
Volume74
Publication statusPublished - 1997

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine
  • Histology
  • Cell Biology

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