Phenology study of Myrtus communis accessions selected from wild populations of Sicily: preliminary results

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Abstract

Myrtus communis is a Mediterranean shrub widely diffused in Sicily. To promotethe cultivation of myrtle, seven wild populations were collected from different areasof Sicily, with the aim to select new candidate cultivars in the frame of a selectionprogram. Considering the berries value in the food industry, many efforts need to bedone to cultivate myrtle as alternative to harvest from wild plants. To promotecultivation few important phenologic traits have been recorded in candidate cultivarselections from wild populations in Sicily. This study was performed in a repositoryfield under homogeneous environmental conditions. The vegetation activity of theselected accessions begins in January/February and all myrtle plants keep growinguntil December. Differences in number and time of flowering fluxes on myrtleaccessions were observed. All Monte Pellegrino, most of Riserva Zigaro and few myrtleaccessions from Ispica and Ribera showed two flowering fluxes in June and July, whileonly three Monte Pellegrino accessions present also a third flowering between Augustand the beginning of November. High variability was observed in fruit ripening time.In general, Ribera and Sciacca populations present an early fruit ripening period fromOctober to January, while Scopello and Ispica myrtle berries ripen later (fromNovember to February). Future studies will be conducted in order to select genotypesfor domestication program.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)231-236
Number of pages6
JournalACTA HORTICULTURAE
Publication statusPublished - 2017

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Horticulture

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