Performance of EasyBreath Decathlon Snorkeling mask for delivering continuous positive airway pressure

Cesare Gregoretti, Andrea Cortegiani, Claudia Crimi, Alberto Noto, Massimiliano Giardina, Cesare Gregoretti, Filippo Benedetto, Andrea Cortegiani, Pietro Princi, Lorenzo Appendini, Annalisa Carlucci

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

During the COVID-19 pandemic, the need for noninvasive respiratory support devices has dramatically increased, sometimes exceeding hospital capacity. The full-face Decathlon snorkeling mask, EasyBreath (EB mask), has been adapted to deliver continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) as an emergency respiratory interface. We aimed to assess the performance of this modified EB mask and to test its use during different gas mixture supplies. CPAP set at 5, 10, and 15 cmH2O was delivered to 10 healthy volunteers with a high-flow system generator set at 40, 80, and 120 L min-1 and with a turbine-driven ventilator during both spontaneous and loaded (resistor) breathing. Inspiratory CO2 partial pressure (PiCO2), pressure inside the mask, breathing pattern and electrical activity of the diaphragm (EAdi) were measured at all combinations of CPAP/flows delivered, with and without the resistor. Using the high-flow generator set at 40 L min-1, the PiCO2 significantly increased and the system was unable to maintain the target CPAP of 10 and 15 cmH2O and a stable pressure within the respiratory cycle; conversely, the turbine-driven ventilator did. EAdi significantly increased with flow rates of 40 and 80 L min-1 but not at 120 L min-1 and with the turbine-driven ventilator. EB mask can be safely used to deliver CPAP only under strict constraints, using either a high-flow generator at a flow rate greater than 80 L min-1, or a high-performance turbine-driven ventilator.
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages8
JournalScientific Reports
Volume11
Publication statusPublished - 2021

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General

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