This essay analyzes the origin of judicial representation concept in medieval legal science. The start point is the Bulgarus's letter to Aymeric (1140), commonly considered the first work about trial. Here the representation is not allowed and the only external subject in trial is the advocatus and he gives only auxilium to her client. At the end of XIIth century, result of growth of ordines iudiciarii - specially dedicated to judicial practice - the concept of representation begins to be the object of specific reflection. The ordo 'Olim' by Otto papiensis (1170-80) may be considered the first work that gives solution to the main problem, in order to the consequences of the sentence on a subject staying in trial but non for himself. The examination of XIII century's canonistic ordines shows how the problem of judicial representation is faced and solved regarding the single person or the collective person. This essay's end point is set on Baldus: outsider's involvement and responsibility in theory is full but depends also on the trial's nature: being this person considered dominus litis, the responsibility is full in civil trial, but it is clearly unfair and wrongful in criminal trial and therefore it's retained impossible.
|Number of pages||38|
|Journal||QUADERNI FIORENTINI PER LA STORIA DEL PENSIERO GIURIDICO MODERNO|
|Publication status||Published - 2008|