Pediatric selective mutism and sleep disorders: A pilot restrospective case control-study

Davide Testa, Lucia Parisi, Gabriele Tripi, Gabriella Marsala, Angelo Montana, Pasquale Giugliano, Anna Nunzia Polito, Sabrina Franco, Palmira Romano, Diego Geraci, Francesco Cerroni, Daniela Russo, Elisabetta Picciocchi, Mario Giuseppe Chisari, Mariarosaria Caliendo, Valentina Esposito, Lucrezia D’Oro, Rosa Giordano, Paolo Murabito, Beatrice GallaiRosa Marotta, Angelo Montana, Giuseppe Quatrosi, Rosanna Marotta, Tiziana Nuara

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Introduction: Selective mutism (SM) is characterized by the persistent inability to speak in some specific contexts (i.e. school, home, social contexts) or within interaction with peer group and/or adults when a normal verbal linguistic competence may be expected, according to DSM5 criteria. The main sleep disorders in children with neurodevelopmental disorders are represented by difficulty in falling asleep at night (51%) and nocturnal awakenings (67%).The main goal of the present study is verify the putative relationship between sleep disorders and selective mutism in children.Materials and methods: 30 children were diagnosed with SM (13 males and 17 females) with mean age 9.47 (SD +/- 129). The case-control group was composed by 30 typically developing children (TDC) (12 males and 18 females) (mean age 8.95; SD +/- 2.01; p = 0238). All the subjects of both groups were recruited within the same urban area, Caucasian and homogeneous in socio-economic level. SDSC questionnaire was used in order to assess the sleep habits in both groups.Results: The two groups (SM and TDC) were similar for age and gender. About the presence of reported sleep disorders, SM children show a significantly higher prevalence of reported sleep troubles than TDC subjects (Graph 1).Conclusion: The present pilot restrospective case control-study has shown the presence of sleep disorders in children with SM. This new comorbidity has not been previously reported in clinical literature.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2601-2607
Number of pages7
JournalActa Medica Mediterranea
Volume35
Publication statusPublished - 2019

Fingerprint

Mutism
Case-Control Studies
Pediatrics
Sleep
Peer Group
Sleep Wake Disorders
Linguistics
Mental Competency
Habits
Comorbidity
Economics
Control Groups

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Testa, D., Parisi, L., Tripi, G., Marsala, G., Montana, A., Giugliano, P., ... Nuara, T. (2019). Pediatric selective mutism and sleep disorders: A pilot restrospective case control-study. Acta Medica Mediterranea, 35, 2601-2607.

Pediatric selective mutism and sleep disorders: A pilot restrospective case control-study. / Testa, Davide; Parisi, Lucia; Tripi, Gabriele; Marsala, Gabriella; Montana, Angelo; Giugliano, Pasquale; Polito, Anna Nunzia; Franco, Sabrina; Romano, Palmira; Geraci, Diego; Cerroni, Francesco; Russo, Daniela; Picciocchi, Elisabetta; Chisari, Mario Giuseppe; Caliendo, Mariarosaria; Esposito, Valentina; D’Oro, Lucrezia; Giordano, Rosa; Murabito, Paolo; Gallai, Beatrice; Marotta, Rosa; Montana, Angelo; Quatrosi, Giuseppe; Marotta, Rosanna; Nuara, Tiziana.

In: Acta Medica Mediterranea, Vol. 35, 2019, p. 2601-2607.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Testa, D, Parisi, L, Tripi, G, Marsala, G, Montana, A, Giugliano, P, Polito, AN, Franco, S, Romano, P, Geraci, D, Cerroni, F, Russo, D, Picciocchi, E, Chisari, MG, Caliendo, M, Esposito, V, D’Oro, L, Giordano, R, Murabito, P, Gallai, B, Marotta, R, Montana, A, Quatrosi, G, Marotta, R & Nuara, T 2019, 'Pediatric selective mutism and sleep disorders: A pilot restrospective case control-study', Acta Medica Mediterranea, vol. 35, pp. 2601-2607.
Testa, Davide ; Parisi, Lucia ; Tripi, Gabriele ; Marsala, Gabriella ; Montana, Angelo ; Giugliano, Pasquale ; Polito, Anna Nunzia ; Franco, Sabrina ; Romano, Palmira ; Geraci, Diego ; Cerroni, Francesco ; Russo, Daniela ; Picciocchi, Elisabetta ; Chisari, Mario Giuseppe ; Caliendo, Mariarosaria ; Esposito, Valentina ; D’Oro, Lucrezia ; Giordano, Rosa ; Murabito, Paolo ; Gallai, Beatrice ; Marotta, Rosa ; Montana, Angelo ; Quatrosi, Giuseppe ; Marotta, Rosanna ; Nuara, Tiziana. / Pediatric selective mutism and sleep disorders: A pilot restrospective case control-study. In: Acta Medica Mediterranea. 2019 ; Vol. 35. pp. 2601-2607.
@article{01d7289e76a844cbaa89b143a6b3d843,
title = "Pediatric selective mutism and sleep disorders: A pilot restrospective case control-study",
abstract = "Introduction: Selective mutism (SM) is characterized by the persistent inability to speak in some specific contexts (i.e. school, home, social contexts) or within interaction with peer group and/or adults when a normal verbal linguistic competence may be expected, according to DSM5 criteria. The main sleep disorders in children with neurodevelopmental disorders are represented by difficulty in falling asleep at night (51{\%}) and nocturnal awakenings (67{\%}).The main goal of the present study is verify the putative relationship between sleep disorders and selective mutism in children.Materials and methods: 30 children were diagnosed with SM (13 males and 17 females) with mean age 9.47 (SD +/- 129). The case-control group was composed by 30 typically developing children (TDC) (12 males and 18 females) (mean age 8.95; SD +/- 2.01; p = 0238). All the subjects of both groups were recruited within the same urban area, Caucasian and homogeneous in socio-economic level. SDSC questionnaire was used in order to assess the sleep habits in both groups.Results: The two groups (SM and TDC) were similar for age and gender. About the presence of reported sleep disorders, SM children show a significantly higher prevalence of reported sleep troubles than TDC subjects (Graph 1).Conclusion: The present pilot restrospective case control-study has shown the presence of sleep disorders in children with SM. This new comorbidity has not been previously reported in clinical literature.",
author = "Davide Testa and Lucia Parisi and Gabriele Tripi and Gabriella Marsala and Angelo Montana and Pasquale Giugliano and Polito, {Anna Nunzia} and Sabrina Franco and Palmira Romano and Diego Geraci and Francesco Cerroni and Daniela Russo and Elisabetta Picciocchi and Chisari, {Mario Giuseppe} and Mariarosaria Caliendo and Valentina Esposito and Lucrezia D’Oro and Rosa Giordano and Paolo Murabito and Beatrice Gallai and Rosa Marotta and Angelo Montana and Giuseppe Quatrosi and Rosanna Marotta and Tiziana Nuara",
year = "2019",
language = "English",
volume = "35",
pages = "2601--2607",
journal = "Acta Medica Mediterranea",
issn = "0393-6384",
publisher = "A. CARBONE Editore",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Pediatric selective mutism and sleep disorders: A pilot restrospective case control-study

AU - Testa, Davide

AU - Parisi, Lucia

AU - Tripi, Gabriele

AU - Marsala, Gabriella

AU - Montana, Angelo

AU - Giugliano, Pasquale

AU - Polito, Anna Nunzia

AU - Franco, Sabrina

AU - Romano, Palmira

AU - Geraci, Diego

AU - Cerroni, Francesco

AU - Russo, Daniela

AU - Picciocchi, Elisabetta

AU - Chisari, Mario Giuseppe

AU - Caliendo, Mariarosaria

AU - Esposito, Valentina

AU - D’Oro, Lucrezia

AU - Giordano, Rosa

AU - Murabito, Paolo

AU - Gallai, Beatrice

AU - Marotta, Rosa

AU - Montana, Angelo

AU - Quatrosi, Giuseppe

AU - Marotta, Rosanna

AU - Nuara, Tiziana

PY - 2019

Y1 - 2019

N2 - Introduction: Selective mutism (SM) is characterized by the persistent inability to speak in some specific contexts (i.e. school, home, social contexts) or within interaction with peer group and/or adults when a normal verbal linguistic competence may be expected, according to DSM5 criteria. The main sleep disorders in children with neurodevelopmental disorders are represented by difficulty in falling asleep at night (51%) and nocturnal awakenings (67%).The main goal of the present study is verify the putative relationship between sleep disorders and selective mutism in children.Materials and methods: 30 children were diagnosed with SM (13 males and 17 females) with mean age 9.47 (SD +/- 129). The case-control group was composed by 30 typically developing children (TDC) (12 males and 18 females) (mean age 8.95; SD +/- 2.01; p = 0238). All the subjects of both groups were recruited within the same urban area, Caucasian and homogeneous in socio-economic level. SDSC questionnaire was used in order to assess the sleep habits in both groups.Results: The two groups (SM and TDC) were similar for age and gender. About the presence of reported sleep disorders, SM children show a significantly higher prevalence of reported sleep troubles than TDC subjects (Graph 1).Conclusion: The present pilot restrospective case control-study has shown the presence of sleep disorders in children with SM. This new comorbidity has not been previously reported in clinical literature.

AB - Introduction: Selective mutism (SM) is characterized by the persistent inability to speak in some specific contexts (i.e. school, home, social contexts) or within interaction with peer group and/or adults when a normal verbal linguistic competence may be expected, according to DSM5 criteria. The main sleep disorders in children with neurodevelopmental disorders are represented by difficulty in falling asleep at night (51%) and nocturnal awakenings (67%).The main goal of the present study is verify the putative relationship between sleep disorders and selective mutism in children.Materials and methods: 30 children were diagnosed with SM (13 males and 17 females) with mean age 9.47 (SD +/- 129). The case-control group was composed by 30 typically developing children (TDC) (12 males and 18 females) (mean age 8.95; SD +/- 2.01; p = 0238). All the subjects of both groups were recruited within the same urban area, Caucasian and homogeneous in socio-economic level. SDSC questionnaire was used in order to assess the sleep habits in both groups.Results: The two groups (SM and TDC) were similar for age and gender. About the presence of reported sleep disorders, SM children show a significantly higher prevalence of reported sleep troubles than TDC subjects (Graph 1).Conclusion: The present pilot restrospective case control-study has shown the presence of sleep disorders in children with SM. This new comorbidity has not been previously reported in clinical literature.

UR - http://hdl.handle.net/10447/378895

UR - http://www.actamedicamediterranea.com/archive/2019/medica-5/pediatric-selective-mutism-and-sleep-disorders-a-pilot-restrospective-case-control-study/pdf

M3 - Article

VL - 35

SP - 2601

EP - 2607

JO - Acta Medica Mediterranea

JF - Acta Medica Mediterranea

SN - 0393-6384

ER -