Path Modeling and Retrieval in Distributed Video Surveillance Databases

Liliana Lo Presti, Marco La Cascia, Liliana Lo Presti, Stan Sclaroff

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

22 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We propose a framework for querying a distributed database of video surveillance data in order to retrieve a set of likely paths of a person moving in the area under surveillance. In our framework, each camera of the surveillance system locally pro- cesses the data and stores video sequences in a storage unit and the metadata for each detected person in the distributed database. A pedestrian’s path is formulated as a dynamic Bayesian network (DBN) to model the dependencies between subsequent observa- tions of the person as he makes his way through the camera net- work. We propose a tool by which the analyst can pose queries about where a certain person appeared while moving in the site during a specified temporal window. The DBN is used in an al- gorithm that finds potentially relevant metadata records from the distributed databases and then assembles these into probable paths that the person took in the camera network. Finally, the system presents the analyst with the retrieved set of likely paths in ranked order. The computational complexity for our method is quadratic in the number of camera nodes and linear in the number of moving persons. Experiments were carried out on simulated data to test the system with large distributed databases and in a real setting in which six databases store the data from six video cameras. The simulations confirm that our method provides good results with varying numbers of cameras and persons moving in the network. In a real setting, the method reconstructs paths across the camera network with approximatively 75% accuracy at rank 1.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)346-360
Number of pages15
JournalIEEE Transactions on Multimedia
Volume14
Publication statusPublished - 2012

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Signal Processing
  • Media Technology
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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