Parking Pricing for a Sustainable Transport System

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The purpose of this study has been the develop of a model for designing an efficient parking pricing policy. The aim is anintelligent control and management system of parking pricing integrated with a redefinition of the circulation scheme for alimited traffic zone in the Central Business District (CBD) of Palermo.The transport demand over the entire area of the town has been studied in order to design various parking pricing scenarios withthe application of an additional cost on parking inside the selected area of the CBD. This area attracts most of the privatevehicular traffic and it is characterized by university faculties, schools, hospitals, offices and commercial areas.The optimal hourly toll is defined by an iterative maximization process of an objective function. This objective function issubject to the following constraint: the percentage of available parking in the various parking zones has to remain major of the30%. In this way, the users who need to park close to their final destination can easily find parking. Otherwise it is possible toleave the private car in a “park and ride” area and taking a shuttle bus directed towards the zones of the CBD.A basic principle of this pricing policy is the re-use of revenues for two purposes: to design a shuttle bus service that connects thevarious “park and ride” areas to the CBD and to improve the local public transport service on the OD pairs that show high traveldemand. At the same time it is necessary to eliminate the stop and go flow in cordon roads to increase the capacity and avoidcongestion in these critical links.The method shows that in a very simple, and relatively fast, way is possible to get a proposal for the modification of the parkingpricing scheme that makes the city center no longer stifled by private car traffic.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)403-412
Number of pages10
JournalTransportation Research Procedia
Publication statusPublished - 2014

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Transportation


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