Pantellerian ware is a Late Roman cooking ware whose production centre was establishedon the island of Pantelleria by the pioneering research of Fulford and Peacock almost 20years ago (Peacock 1982; Fulford and Peacock 1984). Archaeological and archaeometricstudies carried out by the authors of the present contribution during the past four years haveaimed to fully characterize this ceramic class. Recurrent ceramic forms, their distributionover time and space, their petrographic characteristics and their chemical identity, as wellas possible raw materials and their technological properties, were considered. The presentpaper is a comprehensive review of this archaeometric work and aims to establish a‘reference group’. Using a representative number of samples of Pantellerian ware that wererecently discovered in the island through archaeological field surveys or surface andsubmarine excavations, it was possible to characterize in detail the compositional variabilityof this ware in terms of chemistry and petrography. Furthermore, the physical properties ofthis ceramic type have been defined in order to better understand its performancecharacteristics, mainly in response to induced thermal stress. In the meantime, theexperimental mixing and tempering of locally sampled raw materials have shed light on theancient manufacturing process and have led to an approximation of the original paste.
|Publication status||Published - 2007|