Background: Because dopamine (DA) has gained increasing evidence as modulator of gut motility, we aimed to characterize dopaminergic response in human colon, evaluating function and distribution of dopamine receptors in circular vs longitudinal muscle strips. Methods: Mechanical responses to DA and dopaminergic agonists on slow phasic contractions and on basal tone were examined in vitro as changes in isometric tension. RT-PCR was used to reveal the distribution of dopaminergic receptors. Key Results: In spontaneous active circular muscle, DA induced an increase in the amplitude of slow phasic contractions and of the basal tone, via activation of D1-like receptors. DA contractile responses were insensitive to neural blockers or to atropine and inhibited by phospholipase C (PLC) pathway inhibitors. In precontracted circular muscle strips, DA, at the higher concentrations tested, caused a relaxant response via activation of D2-like receptors. In the longitudinal muscle, DA caused only muscular relaxation due to activation of D2-like receptors. DA relaxant responses were insensitive to neural blockers or to nitric oxide synthase inhibitor and reduced by a wide-spectrum K+ channel blockers. Transcripts encoding for all the dopaminergic receptor subtypes was observed in both circular and longitudinal preparations. Conclusions and inferences: Dopamine is able to modulate contractile activity of the human colon. In the circular muscle layer, DA induces mainly muscular contraction activating non-neural D1-like receptors, coupled to PLC/IP3 pathway. In the longitudinal muscle layer, DA induces muscular relaxation acting on non-neural D2-like receptors leading to the increase in K+ conductance.
|Number of pages||10|
|Journal||NEUROGASTROENTEROLOGY & MOTILITY|
|Publication status||Published - 2020|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Endocrine and Autonomic Systems