[automatically translated] There has never been phase of human history that has not been punctuated by processes of mobility of populations in space, more or less forced, which gave rise to exchanges of cultures, experiences, scientific knowledge, the social relationships through which, for better or for worse, the globe has taken on the features we know today. Despite the evidence of human history, the richest countries in the world, already at the end of the twentieth century and, even more strongly, in the twenty-first century, they are showing towards migrants their most fierce and ruthless face, waving his rhetorical invasion of mass, security, fear and control, and together they show so blindly indifferent to the conditions that drive these nations of men, women, elderly and children to escape from poverty, political violence, ethnic, religious, famine and hunger (conditions often determined by environmental or climate change due to the colonizing action of the rich countries themselves), to the point of hiding all this with the externalization of border control practices. This closed attitude towards international migration, Italy has, in the context of 'fortress Europe', the main outpost; and our island, Sicily, with the greatest concentration in the territory of detention centers (CPT), has been and is that thick barbed wire barrier that, dramatically, and sadly, it symbolized the mass deportation of Nazism and fascism, indelibly marking the naked bodies of millions of men, women, seniors and children no more than sixty years ago and that we seem to have completely removed, despite the rhetoric rivers every year shed in memory of days. The invasion by brandishing the specter of mass, you are trying to legitimize the one hand the fact of deportation of refugees and asylum seekers, from the poorest areas of the world, and on the other side of the agreements, as in the case of Libya, with countries willing to do the dirty work in our place against migrants who come to the gates of Europe. What are the reasons for this attitude? What fears and anxieties (except perhaps strategies) are hiding behind this apparent contradiction between the praise of mobility and flexibility, true myth of globalization, and so strict controls on population movements within the global society? We will try to answer these questions by investigating the relationship between globalization and international migration as a form of new social stratification processes.
|Title of host publication||Migrazioni, frontiere, diritti|
|Publication status||Published - 2006|