Noninvasive continuous positive airway pressure response in bronchiectasis exacerbations: Key practical aspects and topics

Cesare Gregoretti, Annia Schreiber, Cesare Gregoretti, Andrea Antonelli

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

Bronchiectasis is a progressive lung disease characterized by gradual airflow obstruction secondary to mucus plugging, excessive airway inflammation, and parenchymal destruction. Continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) has been shown to promote recruitment of the flooded alveoli, decrease the ventilation-perfusion mismatch, and relieve dyspnea in patients with bronchiectasis exacerbations. It has also been proven to improve respiratory mechanics and reduce the work of breathing. It can be also successfully adopted in promoting mucus clearance and preventing desaturation during chest physiotherapy and exercise. However, validated criteria for starting CPAP treatment in bronchiectasis are lacking and should be assessed in the future.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationNoninvasive Mechanical Ventilation: Theory, Equipment, and Clinical Applications: Second Edition
Pages303-312
Number of pages10
Publication statusPublished - 2016

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Medicine

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