«Nel mezzo». Microfisica della mediazione nel mondo greco antico. Con un saggio di G. Scotto.

Research output: Book/ReportBook

Abstract

[automatically translated] Contemporary society, in need of reconstruction of the sense of community, is slowly finding alternative forms of resolution of conflicts to legal ones, rigid and abstract. But such practices were known and tested at all levels already in the greek world, in relationships, in those internal to the polis (kinship, friendship and social) and in those between the poleis. Moreover, the conceptual organization that was holding seems to be, in Greek, a mindset also active in other areas, for example in the design of sports competitions and in political theories. Interested in everything, the volume starts from a reconsideration of the Greek notion of Meson, "middle" or "center", which Marcel Detienne, Jean-Pierre Vernant and then Nicole Loraux were the most distinguished scholars, and it highlights the additional connotations of "the space between contiguous to the parties." In this respect, the meson is revealed not as the center equidistant from the parties (according to Detienne vision and Vernant) or as a point of violent confrontation between them (according to the studies of Loraux line), but as the site of the third management constructive conflict. The three chapters - with Gianni Scotto Preface, lecturer in International Conflict Transformation at the University of Florence - make up the book identify and analyzing applications, third-party work, peace building by peaceful means, their dynamics and their symbolic representations, at the micro level of interpersonal relationships, the level of meso intrapoleici relations and level of macro interpoleici relations. First it is described the operation of the best-known form of impartiality, that which is expressed in the figure of the courts judge (acting in a manner not unlike that of the umpire). So, at all three levels mentioned above we are studied forms of arbitration (public and private; conciliatory, fair, nonjudgmental), mediation and interposition, with the rules for their implementation. Also analyzed are also other conflict management configurations - like that of so-called foreign courts or that provided in response to a petition, as well as one that sees the powerful operate in arbitration so even within real processes - which are developed by Hellenistic period onwards. Finally, some are open 'windows', to which one looks through the eyes of writers in historical greek, on some highly conflictual moments in the history of Rome (the proscriptions of the first century BC.) and that of the Christian religion (the Council of Nicaea). The sources considered are both historical and literary (more or less from Homer to Julian the Apostate) as epigraphic and papyrus (mostly those in specific collections of inscriptions relating to arbitration interpoleici, or identified on the basis of quotes made by other scholars). It comes out of the research framework of a greek world in conflict management knows and implements various and extrajudicial constituents mode a kind of 'right kind'. The latter has the structure of a game 'positive sum', and applies next, and often alternatively, the game 'zero-sum' courts of law, civil strife and wars. It is based mainly on the relationship of equidistance, the diplomatic capacity, on the intention to reconcile and to win all the parts avoiding that one of them appears defeat or even lose face, the principle of gradualism in any constraint and in any case on uptake of suffering at the hands of the third, the losing party. The 'gentle' law is oriented to the future, that is the reconstruction of the relationship, rather t
Original languageItalian
PublisherPisa University Press
Number of pages494
ISBN (Print)978-886741-466-6
Publication statusPublished - 2014

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