Multiscale modeling of polycrystalline materials: A boundary element approach to material degradation and fracture

Ivano Benedetti, Aliabadi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

49 Citations (Scopus)


In this work, a two-scale approach to degradation and failure in polycrystalline materials is proposed. The formulation involves the engineering component level (macro-scale) and the material grain level (micro-scale). The macro-continuum is modeled using a three-dimensional boundary element formulation in which the presence of damage is formulated through an initial stress approach to account for the local softening in the neighborhood of points experiencing degradation at the micro-scale. The microscopic degradation is explicitly modeled by associating Representative Volume Elements (RVEs) to relevant points of the macro continuum, for representing the polycrystalline microstructure in the neighborhood of the selected points. A three-dimensional grain-boundary formulation is used to simulate intergranular degradation and failure in the microstructure, whose morphology is generated using the Voronoi tessellations. Intergranular degradation and failure are modeled through cohesive and frictional contact laws. To couple the two scales, macro-strains are transferred to the RVEs as periodic boundary conditions, while overall macro-stresses are obtained as volume averages of the micro-stress field. The comparison between effective macro-stresses for the damaged and undamaged RVE allows to define a macroscopic measure of material degradation. To avoid pathological damage localization at the macro-scale, integral non-local counterparts of the strains are employed. A multiscale processing algorithm is described. Two multiscale simulations are performed to demonstrate the capability of the method.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)429-453
Number of pages25
JournalComputer Methods in Applied Mechanics and Engineering
Publication statusPublished - 2015

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Computational Mechanics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • General Physics and Astronomy
  • Computer Science Applications

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