Monitoring and prediction in early warning systems for rapid mass movements

Alessio Ferrari, Stähli, Huggel, Springman, Kos, Berne, Van Herwijnen, Mcardell, Schleiss, Alessio Ferrari, Sättele, Lehmann, Or

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

45 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Rapid mass movements (RMM) pose a substantial risk to people and infrastructure. Reliable and cost-efficient measures have to be taken to reduce this risk. One of these measures includes establishing and advancing the state of practice in the application of early warning systems (EWSs). EWSs have been developed during the past decades and are rapidly increasing. In this paper, we focus on the technical part of EWSs, i.e., the prediction and timely recognition of imminent hazards, as well as on monitoring slopes at risk and released mass movements. Recent innovations in assessing spatial precipitation, monitoring and precursors of the triggering and deformation of RMM offer new opportunities for next-generation EWSs. However, technical advancement can only be transferred into more reliable, operational EWSs with an adequate well-instructed dedicated staff. To this end, an intense dialog between scientists, engineers and those in charge of warning, as well as further experience with new comprehensive prototype systems jointly operated by scientists and practitioners, will be essential.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)905-917
Number of pages13
JournalNatural Hazards and Earth System Sciences
Volume15
Publication statusPublished - 2015

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early warning system
mass movement
monitoring
prediction
innovation
infrastructure
hazard
cost

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Earth and Planetary Sciences(all)

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Monitoring and prediction in early warning systems for rapid mass movements. / Ferrari, Alessio; Stähli; Huggel; Springman; Kos; Berne; Van Herwijnen; Mcardell; Schleiss; Ferrari, Alessio; Sättele; Lehmann; Or.

In: Natural Hazards and Earth System Sciences, Vol. 15, 2015, p. 905-917.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Ferrari, A, Stähli, Huggel, Springman, Kos, Berne, Van Herwijnen, Mcardell, Schleiss, Ferrari, A, Sättele, Lehmann & Or 2015, 'Monitoring and prediction in early warning systems for rapid mass movements', Natural Hazards and Earth System Sciences, vol. 15, pp. 905-917.
Ferrari, Alessio ; Stähli ; Huggel ; Springman ; Kos ; Berne ; Van Herwijnen ; Mcardell ; Schleiss ; Ferrari, Alessio ; Sättele ; Lehmann ; Or. / Monitoring and prediction in early warning systems for rapid mass movements. In: Natural Hazards and Earth System Sciences. 2015 ; Vol. 15. pp. 905-917.
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