Minimal forbidden factors of circular words

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Minimal forbidden factors are a useful tool for investigating properties of words and languages. Two factorial languages are distinct if and only if they have different (antifactorial) sets of minimal forbidden factors. There exist algorithms for computing the minimal forbidden factors of a word, as well as of a regular factorial language. Conversely, Crochemore et al. (1998) [12] gave an algorithm that, given the trie recognizing a finite antifactorial language M, computes a DFA recognizing the language whose set of minimal forbidden factors is M. In the same paper, they showed that the obtained DFA is minimal if the input trie recognizes the minimal forbidden factors of a single word. We generalize this result to the case of a circular word. We discuss several combinatorial properties of the minimal forbidden factors of a circular word. As a byproduct, we obtain a formal definition of the factor automaton of a circular word. Finally, we investigate the case of minimal forbidden factors of the circular Fibonacci words
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)144-153
Number of pages10
JournalTheoretical Computer Science
Publication statusPublished - 2019


All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Theoretical Computer Science
  • Computer Science(all)

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