Mercury(II) removal from aqueous solution by sorption onto alginate, pectateand polygalacturonate calcium gel beads. A kinetic and speciation basedequilibrium study

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Abstract

Gel beads of calcium alginate, pectate and polygalacturonate salts have been tested as sorbent materials for mercury(II) removal from aqueous solutions. Physico-chemical properties of gel beads, defined bySEM–EDX, TGA and texture and density analysis, were correlated with gel beads sorption capacity towards Hg2+ ion. A speciation study in aqueous solution was carried out to define the strength of interaction of mercury ion with the polymers investigated and to assess the more suitable experimental conditions to achieve the best effectiveness of Hg2+ sorption by gel beads. On the basis of the speciation study, pH values in the 3–5.5 pH range were considered appropriated for mercury(II) sorption by gelbeads. Kinetics of mercury(II) sorption and calcium(II) release from the sorbent materials were studied at pH 3, 3.6 and 5.2. The highest sorption rate (K) and amount of mercury(II) adsorbed were obtained at pH 3 and 3.6; therefore, pH 3.3 was chosen for the equilibrium study of Hg2+ sorption at 25 C. The results obtained by using Langmuir and Freundlich isotherm equations show the following sorption capacity trend: Ca–Pect > Ca–PGA > Ca–AA.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)207-217
Number of pages11
JournalREACTIVE & FUNCTIONAL POLYMERS
Volume73
Publication statusPublished - 2013

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Chemistry
  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Biochemistry
  • General Chemical Engineering
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Materials Chemistry

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