Sanitary landfills for municipal solid wastes can be considered as large biological reactors where the organic fraction of municipal solid waste undergoes anaerobic digestion producing gas and liquid emissions. Leachate production from municipal sanitary landfills is currently recognized as a major environmental burden associated with municipal solid waste management and it may be responsible for local pollution of groundwater and soil. Moreover, the fate of the organic compounds within the landfill body is of primary importance since it directly influences the production of landfill gas. The aim of the paper is to propose an integrated mathematical model able to simulate, on one hand, the vertical leachate fluxes throughout a municipal solid waste landfill (considering the fate of both inorganic and organic contaminants within the landfill leachate pathway), while, on the other hand, the production of landfill gas by means of two different approaches. In detail, the mathematical model was based on mass balance equations and was composed by two sub-models: one for the simulation of moisture distribution, whilst the other one for the simulation of the organic/inorganic contaminant concentrations. The simulation of landfill gas production was based on two different approaches. The integrated model has been applied to a real landfill considered as a case study, the landfill of Pescantina (Italy), with the landfill body divided into N horizontal layers. The results confirmed that the proposed integrated model can be a useful tool for the landfill operator in order to analyze the physical, chemical and biological phenomena occurring within the landfill body.
|Number of pages||13|
|Publication status||Published - 2016|