Markers of inflammation and infection influence the outcome of patients with baseline asymptomatic carotid lesions: a 5 years follow-up study

Tantillo, R.; Muratori, I.; Bonura, F.; Vitale, G.; Novo, S.

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108 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background and Purpose - It is still in debate whether the evaluation of markers of infection and inflammation may be of importance for cerebrovascular and cardiovascular prevention, and we aimed to investigate this field in a prospective 5-year clinical follow-up study in patients with early stages of atherosclerosis. Methods - We studied 668 subjects divided in 3 groups according to the results of carotid ultrasound examination: (1) normal subjects, if intima-media thickness (IMT) was <0.9 mm; (2) with IMT, if IMT was between 0.9 and 1.5 mm; and (3) with asymptomatic carotid plaque, if IMT was >1.5 mm. Traditional cardiovascular risk factors were investigated, and laboratory analysis included measurement of plasma lipids, fibrinogen, C-reactive protein, IgG antibodies for helicobacter pylori (HP), cytotoxic HP, cytomegalovirus, and chlamydia pneumoniae. Results - Cerebrovascular or cardiovascular events were registered in 18% of patients during the follow-up, and at multivariate analysis we found that the high levels of fibrinogen (P<0.0001) and C-reactive protein (P=0.014), the seropositivity to cytotoxic HP (P=0.001) and chlamydia pneumoniae (P=0.026), the presence of IMT or asymptomatic carotid plaque (P<0.0001), and the total burden of infections (P<0.0001) were the variables predictive of the clinical events. Conclusions - Beyond traditional cardiovascular risk factors, markers of inflammation and infections seem to significantly influence the occurrence of cerebrovascular and cardiovascular events in patients with baseline asymptomatic carotid lesions.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)482-486
Number of pages5
JournalStroke
Volume37
Publication statusPublished - 2006

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Clinical Neurology
  • Advanced and Specialised Nursing
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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