[automatically translated] LUCERNE WITH BEAK TRIANGULAR AFRICAN PRODUCTION The contribution deals with the volute lamps with triangular beak (Deneauve XA), on several occasions and for various reasons analyzed and controversial hypotheses, examining in particular 1) the location and history of the workshops , 2) the connection between the disk istituibile decorations and images of other monumental types that can be connected to the production area. Regarding the first point, the differences that are gathered in the literature are motivated by the difficulty of identifying the data, and sometimes by a lack of sufficient data, related to the discovery. This situation penalizes the majority of the published examples, belonging to museum collections and normally contain no indication of satisfactory provenance. Therefore it makes a first census of lamps of which the excavation context is documented focusing research on Africa and Italy Central, indicted as production areas. In surveyed African excavations they are not reported in previous contexts the last decades of the second century. AD, and most seem to fall within the third century, at least for specimens with "geometric decoration." The finds from the excavations of Rome and Ostia, not always related to a useful context for a satisfactory chronology, consist of small groups of materials, which have no real effect on the overall balance of certificates types I through III sec. The picture of the distribution of the findings shows a clear concentration in North Africa, not only in Tunisia, but also in Algeria and Tripolitania. The data emerging from the analysis, which takes into account the location and concentration of signatures, therefore confirm the African invention of the type, which can not objectively be dated before the last decades of the second century. As for the second point, especially indicative are the subjects complex, especially the harbor scenes and those of the amphitheater, around which were formulated appealing hypothesis, which call into question for the first relations with radiators centers of Hellenism, Alexandria among them, but do not exclude references to familiar reality for producing workshops, in particular the port of Carthage and some of the most prestigious monuments of the city; for the second, links with very articulated scenes, such as those of the typical figurative mosaics of North African production centers. Finally, examination of the specimens gives full confirmation of the close correspondence between the form, decoration of the beak and shoulder and thematic area of the disc decoration, suggested for the first time since Deneauve, and which characterizes the organization of groups and series to 'interior of his classification.
|Publication status||Published - 2007|