Abstract

[automatically translated] Obesity is odiernamente one of the most important problems of public health to the point that the World Health Organization (WHO) says that it should be considered a real "global epidemic." Obesity and its related diseases in Western countries represent a major cause of premature mortality and morbidity. The prevalence of obesity and overweight in industrialized countries and in those developing is estimated between 40% and 60%. In the United States, the most recent data from the National Health and Nutrition Survey (1999-2000) stress that approximately 64.5% of adults (67.2% men and 61.9% women) were overweight and 30.5% of adults (27.5 % men and 33.4% women) are obese. These data indicate an increase of the population of obese equal to 7. 6% between 1988 and 1994. The behavorial Risk Factor survelliance System reveals that the percentage of population with a body mass index (BMI) ≥ 40 has nearly tripled in the United States from 1990 to 2000 (0.78% versus 2.2%). Odiernamente more than 44 million Americans are considered obese, an increase of 74% since 1991. At the same time, in Western Europe more than 50% of adults are considered overweight or obese with a dramatic increase between 10 and 40% in the last 10 years. In the European adult population, according to WHO data, the prevalence of obesity varies between 10-20% for men and between 10 and 25% for women and health care costs related to it are estimated in a range between 2% and 7% of all expenditures for public health. The behavorial Risk Factor survelliance System reveals that the percentage of population with a body mass index (BMI) ≥ 40 has nearly tripled in the United States from 1990 to 2000 (0.78% versus 2.2%). Odiernamente more than 44 million Americans are considered obese, an increase of 74% since 1991. At the same time, in Western Europe more than 50% of adults are considered overweight or obese with a dramatic increase between 10 and 40% in the last 10 years. In the European adult population, according to WHO data, the prevalence of obesity varies between 10-20% for men and between 10 and 25% for women and health care costs related to it are estimated in a range between 2% and 7% of all expenditures for public health. The behavorial Risk Factor survelliance System reveals that the percentage of population with a body mass index (BMI) ≥ 40 has nearly tripled in the United States from 1990 to 2000 (0.78% versus 2.2%). Odiernamente more than 44 million Americans are considered obese, an increase of 74% since 1991. At the same time, in Western Europe more than 50% of adults are considered overweight or obese with a dramatic increase between 10 and 40% in the last 10 years. In the European adult population, according to WHO data, the prevalence of obesity varies between 10-20% for men and between 10 and 25% for women and health care costs related to it are estimated in a range between 2% and 7% of all expenditures for public health.
Original languageItalian
Number of pages13
Publication statusPublished - 2005

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