Le aree industriali dismesse: una possibile soluzione al consumo di suolo e alla dislocazione sul territorio delle fonti di energia rinnovabile

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[automatically translated] The following reflection originates from a search, at an early stage and therefore still under development, on whether represented by the recovery of brownfield sites or (brownfields) to configure itself as an alternative in the problematic search for suitable space to house the structural scaffold of its plants renewable energy in front of the (re) discovery of the soil as common good irreproducible. "An image that comes to mind reflecting on brownfield sites is that of a crack, irregular gap in the man-made crust corresponding inauguration" (Manieri ME, 1980); for they shall be recognized positive elements identified if they are verified the possible relations between the concept of territory and that of equity. However, there are some questions: such as the methods of recognition of the endogenous development potential inherent in brownfields? How is this recognition? A valid theoretical and methodological support, deemed suitable to solve these issues, is the concept of milieu that is configured, first and foremost, as a stratification of the properties and local characteristics as well as the common heritage of a certain local community. The brownfields, if redeemed from the role of urban voids living in standby and no identity, are a heritage of great interest as they offer a resource of important areas which have recourse avoiding / reducing land consumption. This last expression defines the process of converting agricultural land or semi-natural areas for residential, industrial or infrastructure, with the consequent permanent loss of its functions because of the materials that cover it. The EU faces the problem of soil sealing, through the proposed conversion of areas already sealed, for example, just reclaiming of old industrial sites as envisaged by the Europe 2020 strategy, which advocates, also, the adoption of measures relating also to new energies. Two of the most delicate aspects of the field of renewable sources are the ones related to the location of its plants in the area and the consequent impact on the same. It is necessary considerations in relation to the (re) discovery of the territory-a mere support inerte- which time value on which to graft an accurate programming aimed at establishing the amount of energy to install and quality of the landscape to be protected, as well as of the soil as a common good and vital resource irreproducible. The planning of renewable energy sources will have to evaluate, not only the relationship with the context and the technical and physical characteristics of the distribution networks, favoring solutions that are compatible with the local vocations, but, also, with former industrial sites in the role of a realistic alternative solution the realization of renewable energy plants without consuming additional floor.
Original languageItalian
Pages (from-to)431-431
Number of pages1
Publication statusPublished - 2013

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