Layered double hydroxides in bioinspired nanotechnology

Giuseppe Domenico Arrabito, Riccardo Pezzilli, Pier Gianni Medaglia, Giuseppe Prestopino

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Layered Double Hydroxides (LDHs) are a relevant class of inorganic lamellar nanomaterials that have attracted significant interest in life science-related applications, due to their highly controllable synthesis and high biocompatibility. Under a general point of view, this class of materials might have played an important role for the origin of life on planet Earth, given their ability to adsorb and concentrate life-relevant molecules in sea environments. It has been speculated that the organic–mineral interactions could have permitted to organize the adsorbed molecules, leading to an increase in their local concentration and finally to the emergence of life. Inspired by nature, material scientists, engineers and chemists have started to leverage the ability of LDHs to absorb and concentrate molecules and biomolecules within life-like compartments, allowing to realize highly-efficient bioinspired platforms, usable for bioanalysis, therapeutics, sensors and bioremediation. This review aims at summarizing the latest evolution of LDHs in this research field under an unprecedented perspective, finally providing possible challenges and directions for future research.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-29
Number of pages29
JournalCrystals
Volume10
Publication statusPublished - 2020

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Inorganic Chemistry

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  • Cite this

    Arrabito, G. D., Pezzilli, R., Medaglia, P. G., & Prestopino, G. (2020). Layered double hydroxides in bioinspired nanotechnology. Crystals, 10, 1-29.