Laparoscopic near-total splenectomy. Report of a case

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Abstract

Introduction: Splenectomy is a surgical procedure indicated for the treatment of most benign and malignant splenic diseases, especially hematologic disorders. Laparoscopic approach is preferable to the open surgery for most indications because it reduces intra- and post-operative complications and shortens hospital stay. Laparoscopic approach is also feasible for partial splenectomy. Spleen-preserving techniques reduce the risk of severe infections and thromboembolic events that can occur after total splenectomy Case presentation: We report a case of a 50-year old woman with an incidentally discovered voluminous lesion in the superior pole of spleen. A laparoscopic near-total splenectomy was performed. Discussion: The evidence about the potential complications in splenectomised patients speaks in favour of performing spleen-sparing surgical techniques whenever possible. Most common indications for laparoscopic partial splenectomy are non-parasitic splenic cystic, benign splenic tumors, splenic haematological diseases, non-cystic intraparenchymal lesions, spleen rupture, splenic abscess, vascular abnormalities. Laparoscopic near total splenectomy is an innovative partial splenectomy technique consisting on preserving a residual spleen volume. Conclusion: LNTS seems to be a safe and effective technique for the management of benign spleen diseases. The comparison between other spleen preserving techniques shows that LNTS is associated with a lower rate of secondary surgery and postoperative recurrence of anaemia.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)S44-S47
Number of pages4
JournalInternational Journal of Surgery Case Reports
Volume77
Publication statusPublished - 2020

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Surgery

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