Laparoscopic adrenalectomy for large adrenal masses: single team experience

Giuseppe Di Buono, Gaspare Gulotta, Antonino Agrusa, Giorgio Romano, Daniela Chianetta, Giuseppe Frazzetta, Vincenzo Sorce

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

INTRODUCTION: Laparoscopic adrenalectomy is today considered the standard treatment for benign small adrenal tumors. An open question is the use of laparoscopy for large adrenal masses because of technical limitations and increased risk of malignancy. In this study we report our experience in laparoscopic adrenalectomy for adrenal masses larger than 6 cm.METHODS:Between January 2010 and December 2013 we performed 41 laparoscopic adrenalectomy. Fourteen of 41 patients (34,1%) were submitted to laparoscopic adrenalectomy for lesion >6 cm in size. All patients were submitted routinely to radiological and hormonal tests to indentify tumors characteristics.RESULTS:The patients treated were 9 male and 5 female, the mean age was 55.6 years (range 38-74). The mean tumor size was 8.2 cm (range 6-14 cm) and the lesion were localized on right side in 8 patients and on the left side in 6 patients. The mean operative time was 181 min (range 145-240 min). Mean blood loss was 90 ml. No conversion to open surgery was required.CONCLUSION:Laparoscopic adrenalectomy offers better surgical outcomes than open adrenalectomy. Size criteria are, at the moment, the main subject discussed for the laparoscopic approach to adrenal tumors. In fact, size is an important variable in predicting malignancy. This experience and the results of literature suggest that laparoscopic approach is safe and feasible for adrenal masses larger than 6 cm with a longer operative time. In presence of local invasion or vascular infiltration laparoscopy is contraindicated.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)72-74
Number of pages3
JournalInternational Journal of Surgery
Volume12
Publication statusPublished - 2014

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Adrenalectomy
Glandular and Epithelial Neoplasms
Operative Time
Laparoscopy
Neoplasms
Conversion to Open Surgery
Blood Vessels

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Surgery

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Laparoscopic adrenalectomy for large adrenal masses: single team experience. / Di Buono, Giuseppe; Gulotta, Gaspare; Agrusa, Antonino; Romano, Giorgio; Chianetta, Daniela; Frazzetta, Giuseppe; Sorce, Vincenzo.

In: International Journal of Surgery, Vol. 12, 2014, p. 72-74.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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abstract = "INTRODUCTION: Laparoscopic adrenalectomy is today considered the standard treatment for benign small adrenal tumors. An open question is the use of laparoscopy for large adrenal masses because of technical limitations and increased risk of malignancy. In this study we report our experience in laparoscopic adrenalectomy for adrenal masses larger than 6 cm.METHODS:Between January 2010 and December 2013 we performed 41 laparoscopic adrenalectomy. Fourteen of 41 patients (34,1{\%}) were submitted to laparoscopic adrenalectomy for lesion >6 cm in size. All patients were submitted routinely to radiological and hormonal tests to indentify tumors characteristics.RESULTS:The patients treated were 9 male and 5 female, the mean age was 55.6 years (range 38-74). The mean tumor size was 8.2 cm (range 6-14 cm) and the lesion were localized on right side in 8 patients and on the left side in 6 patients. The mean operative time was 181 min (range 145-240 min). Mean blood loss was 90 ml. No conversion to open surgery was required.CONCLUSION:Laparoscopic adrenalectomy offers better surgical outcomes than open adrenalectomy. Size criteria are, at the moment, the main subject discussed for the laparoscopic approach to adrenal tumors. In fact, size is an important variable in predicting malignancy. This experience and the results of literature suggest that laparoscopic approach is safe and feasible for adrenal masses larger than 6 cm with a longer operative time. In presence of local invasion or vascular infiltration laparoscopy is contraindicated.",
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AU - Di Buono, Giuseppe

AU - Gulotta, Gaspare

AU - Agrusa, Antonino

AU - Romano, Giorgio

AU - Chianetta, Daniela

AU - Frazzetta, Giuseppe

AU - Sorce, Vincenzo

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N2 - INTRODUCTION: Laparoscopic adrenalectomy is today considered the standard treatment for benign small adrenal tumors. An open question is the use of laparoscopy for large adrenal masses because of technical limitations and increased risk of malignancy. In this study we report our experience in laparoscopic adrenalectomy for adrenal masses larger than 6 cm.METHODS:Between January 2010 and December 2013 we performed 41 laparoscopic adrenalectomy. Fourteen of 41 patients (34,1%) were submitted to laparoscopic adrenalectomy for lesion >6 cm in size. All patients were submitted routinely to radiological and hormonal tests to indentify tumors characteristics.RESULTS:The patients treated were 9 male and 5 female, the mean age was 55.6 years (range 38-74). The mean tumor size was 8.2 cm (range 6-14 cm) and the lesion were localized on right side in 8 patients and on the left side in 6 patients. The mean operative time was 181 min (range 145-240 min). Mean blood loss was 90 ml. No conversion to open surgery was required.CONCLUSION:Laparoscopic adrenalectomy offers better surgical outcomes than open adrenalectomy. Size criteria are, at the moment, the main subject discussed for the laparoscopic approach to adrenal tumors. In fact, size is an important variable in predicting malignancy. This experience and the results of literature suggest that laparoscopic approach is safe and feasible for adrenal masses larger than 6 cm with a longer operative time. In presence of local invasion or vascular infiltration laparoscopy is contraindicated.

AB - INTRODUCTION: Laparoscopic adrenalectomy is today considered the standard treatment for benign small adrenal tumors. An open question is the use of laparoscopy for large adrenal masses because of technical limitations and increased risk of malignancy. In this study we report our experience in laparoscopic adrenalectomy for adrenal masses larger than 6 cm.METHODS:Between January 2010 and December 2013 we performed 41 laparoscopic adrenalectomy. Fourteen of 41 patients (34,1%) were submitted to laparoscopic adrenalectomy for lesion >6 cm in size. All patients were submitted routinely to radiological and hormonal tests to indentify tumors characteristics.RESULTS:The patients treated were 9 male and 5 female, the mean age was 55.6 years (range 38-74). The mean tumor size was 8.2 cm (range 6-14 cm) and the lesion were localized on right side in 8 patients and on the left side in 6 patients. The mean operative time was 181 min (range 145-240 min). Mean blood loss was 90 ml. No conversion to open surgery was required.CONCLUSION:Laparoscopic adrenalectomy offers better surgical outcomes than open adrenalectomy. Size criteria are, at the moment, the main subject discussed for the laparoscopic approach to adrenal tumors. In fact, size is an important variable in predicting malignancy. This experience and the results of literature suggest that laparoscopic approach is safe and feasible for adrenal masses larger than 6 cm with a longer operative time. In presence of local invasion or vascular infiltration laparoscopy is contraindicated.

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