L’ADATTAMENTO DEI PRESTITI SICILIANI NELLE VARIETÀ SICULOALBANESI: UN CONTRIBUTO ALLE QUESTIONI FONETICHE DEL SICILIANO

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Abstract

It is a well-known fact that the Italian-Albanian varieties are characterized by a considerable presence of Romance loanwords, a result of the century-old contact with the varieties of the territories that have hosted them. It is also well-known that the lexical borrowings of a minority language generally present the conservative stage and, for the phonetic aspect, the conditions of the period in which they are acclimatized.Thus, having a terminus post-quem on the historical level (due to the fact that the presence of Albanians in Sicily dates back to the fifteenth century) and a precise areal location of the Albanian-speaking communities, a close analysis of the phonetic and phonological adaptation processes of Sicilian loanwords in Sicilian-Albanian varieties will allow us to collect further data useful for the evaluation of issues concerning the development and diffusion of some phonetic traits of Sicilian varieties, which so far have not been fully clarified.Our analysis clearly shows that the phonetic-phonological conditions of Sicilian loanwords in Sicilian-Albanian varieties do not allow us to have crucial evidence, but nevertheless they constitute a sometimes significant datum which should be taken into account in the reconstruction of the historical stages and some regional dynamics involved in the processes of innovation/conservation of some important phonetic features of the Sicilian, particularly: 1. Stressed mid vowels. 2. The assimilation of -MB- and -ND-. 3. The cacuminalization of LL. 4. The reflexes of FL. 5. The voiceless postalveolar affricate vs. the voiceless postalveolar fricative. 6. The reflexes of LJ, BL, GL. 7. The preservation of initial and intervocalic D. 8. The preservation of initial G- before -a.
Original languageItalian
Pages (from-to)257-271
Number of pages15
JournalBOLLETTINO - CENTRO DI STUDI FILOLOGICI E LINGUISTICI SICILIANI
Volume29
Publication statusPublished - 2018

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