La sociologia tra partecipazione e impegno civile

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    [automatically translated] In the years after World War II, it looks to the social sciences as tools for education, training to "citizenship" integral, not only political but also cultural and social. The empirical social research, in a society by re-found, had to be, in fact, able to interpret and predict the development, or at least the historical movement, as he was becoming. In the shadow of these beliefs, in the 50s of the '900 grows a militant sociologists lever, that coagulates around two main poles, one secular, represented by Adriano Olivetti and the "Community" group, the other Catholic , centered on the University Cattolica in Milan. For both, social research has the task, first of all, to help reading the phenomena in the transition to modernity, illuminating in particular the "planning" activities, keyword and central criterion to frame any intervention on the territory, however, seen not as intervention technocratic or top-down policy plan but as a vehicle for overall social action. On this basis, there is a multi-disciplinary convergence towards an ecological perspective, involving scholars from different disciplines, from industry players and other social actors. Planning is seen as coordination between the human productive activity, the territory and the population, within a space-time dimension defined and acted out through the active participation of every citizen, to the extent that they examine its problems , in a setting of solidarity and mutual support, joint action; just so it radiates planning organically, from below, in other words including all aspects of which real life is made up. not so much as a category but as a figurative place of social life, individual and collective: "organic planning" as a concrete expression of a way of life in its totality and, at the same time, the result and generating a community there is a clear vision of the space considered, that addresses issues and makes choices in a continuous process. The ideas and activities of Olivetti would be based in part Danilo Dolci, who where watching the birth of man "new" is a full participant in the title of a circuit: that is, a man who acquires consciousness of its limitations and, simultaneously, of their creative development potential through action from below. Sweets is deeply convinced that the experiences of planning are able to break the effects socially disruptive isolation and lack of solidarity, which can grasp in Sicily but also in many other parts of the world, wherever the individual individual match fatalism cronyism and authoritarianism. As an antidote, he identifies the birth of "active groups", which create awareness in their components and thus solidarity, with the result of overcoming the social disintegration that characterizes companies lacking recognized aggregating poles. Sweets for planning from below, "Basic" is a way of relating between social actors but also educational method: through guided discussion on vital issues related to daily life, everyone gains awareness and strength to organize and fight for their own needs, identifying together the most adequate ways to achieve goals. Next to the organic planning method from bottom to promote endogenous development, which sees protagonists local actors directly involved, it is the popular self-analysis, through the Socratic method, the channel that allows Sweets to make contact even with the last. The result of the group meetings and interviews with individuals are of the "life stories", which constitute a very valuable document that sees protagonists local actors dir
    Original languageItalian
    Title of host publicationElogio della confusione. Scritti in onore di Giacinto Lentini
    Publication statusPublished - 2005

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