La parola chiave «infinito» nello studio della natura sviluppato dai presocratici

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Abstract

The concept of “infinity” lies at the basis of the “physiology,” i.e. theinvestigation of the Physis-Nature, developed by the pre-Socratics starting from the Schoolof Miletus up to the School of Abdera. Indeed, both the earliest thinkers and Anaximanderin Ionia and the atomists led by Democritus, contributed to developing the very first formof “philosophy of nature” focused on the keywords “infinite” and “finite.” According tothese concepts, the philosophy of the Hellenic and Hellenistic-Roman periods should berevisited in order to return to the roots of the “science of nature” in its dual physical andmathematical connotation. Furthermore, the infinite-finite duality can be compared withother dualities: firstly with the “empty-full” duality and, secondly, with the “discrete-continuous” one. One should therefore retrace the salient stages of the study of nature asdeveloped by the pre-Socratics, a study that in the modern age was to become the “philosophy of nature,” until it acquired its current, definitive status of “science of nature,” basedon the principles of observation and experiment. The article highlights in particular theleading role played by Anaximander, who developed the keyword “in-finite,” which hasbeen interpreted in many different ways over the centuries.
Original languageItalian
Pages (from-to)361-369
Number of pages9
JournalPHYSIS, RIVISTA INTERNAZIONALE DI STORIA DELLA SCIENZA
Publication statusPublished - 2018

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