[automatically translated] Abstract Waste governance: urban comparing reality C. Cardella, P. Pizzuto The European Union has promoted a sustainable waste management through integrated policy actions, based on the reduction of waste generation, resulting in lower energy costs, the recycling, that is to transform the waste into resource, on the reuse, which provides the ability to place on the market goods that are still usable. Based on this management model, the disposal is the final phase of the entire waste cycle, while the rationalization of the industry is made with the achievement of objectives of environmental quality, economic efficiency and participation of all actors involved. In Italy, that address environmental policy was implemented in 1997 with the Legislative Decree n. 22, known as the Ronchi decree. In our country we are produced every year about 30 million urban solid waste (data Apat 2007), amounting to more than 1.5 kg of MSW per day, about half a tonne per year per inhabitant. Separate collection, despite a growing trend in recent years, has reached a national level, a percentage equal to 25.8% of the total MSW, with results still well below those achieved by the main European countries. In Italian territory, also, there are actually quite different by region. The highest rates of recycling are achieved in the northern regions. In Sicily, the integrated system for waste management is never party, while the commissioner has come to aggravate the situation, with policies and operating policies that have proven ineffective and uneconomical. However, you may experience the reality in which was planned and implemented a sustainable waste management plan. The work presented aims to describe the management and social models made in some municipalities "virtuous" in order to investigate those factors inherent structural and institutional conditions, the motivation and the degree of citizen involvement, acting reciprocally, allowed achieving significant results in terms of integrated waste policy.
|Number of pages||15|
|Journal||CULTURE DELLA SOSTENIBILITÀ|
|Volume||Anno IV - n. 8|
|Publication status||Published - 2011|