La disuguaglianza socio-economica della salute come indicatore di benessere sociale

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Abstract

[automatically translated] Objective: To measure social well-being through the use of health socioeconomic inequality perceived by Italian families and quantify the determinants of health contributions to the measured inequality. Materials and Methods: They are used to the Istat survey data on the living conditions (UDB IT SILC), longitudinal component. The analysis is performed on a sub-sample of 11,543 individuals and 12 variables, obtained after eliminating the missing data for the variable income and other relevant health variables. And 'applies to the ordinal probit regression model, to obtain a continuous measure of the health variable, the index of health concentration, to measure the health inequality, and finally the decomposition of inequality, to calculate the contribution of each determinant. The analyzes at the regional level NUTS1. Results and conclusions: The earnings-related health inequality is estimated at 1.18% at the national level, while at the regional level gradient between health and income intervenes only in the South. At the territorial level, the analysis reveals an inequality in perception of good health in all five territorial divisions, concentrated in the group of individuals economically advantaged. Inequality in health is best perceived in the North West (1.69%), followed by the Northeast (1.53%) and the South (1.35%), center (1.21%); while inequality in perceived health is not significant in the Islands (-0.0012; 95% CI = [- 0.01; 0.01]). It shows that in Italy in 2010 has a total of a good perception of health, which is concentrated in males, with better socio-economic position, higher education, employment; while there are disparities in chronic disease and disability that penalize certain disadvantaged populations economically with low level of education and out of the labor market.
Original languageItalian
Number of pages1
Publication statusPublished - 2016

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