La coltivazione delle specie officinali in ambiente mediterraneo: il pirodiserbo come tecnica ecocompatibile di gestione delle infestanti

Alessandra Carrubba, Reffaele La Torre

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

[automatically translated] The production of medicinal species now requires compliance with increasingly strict quality requirements, considered the only real chance of facing the competition with the goods available at a very low price from non-European countries. To ensure these qualitative requirements, the adoption of organic farming techniques is increasingly seen as a necessity. Compared with conventional cultivation methods, cultivation of medicinal organic, however, it requires a deeper level of technical knowledge and a greater care in the timing and execution technique of farming operations. For organic operators, the weed management is probably one of the most important problems: the herbal market explicitly requires that the product is completely free of foreign material, but to achieve this without the use of chemical devices is not easy. In certain cases the separation of the herbs by all the undesired components is carried out manually after harvesting, generating a substantial increase in costs. Alternative methods of weed control (mulching, mechanical weeding, planting or transplanting methods which confer to a higher competitiveness of crops) are experienced in many areas, with varying results depending on environmental conditions, the degree of infestation of the crops and the expected level product cleaning. Particularly interesting for its simplicity and versatility of application, is the pyroherbicide technique, applied using equipment capable of operating the "boiling" of the weed tissues and, consequently, their desiccation. This paper reports some results obtained from a two-year trial (2003-04 and 2004-05) the assessment of the effect of flame weeding on morfobiologiche and production characteristics of three medicinal plants: coriander (Coriandrum sativum L.), fennel seed (Foeniculum vulgare Mill.) and psyllium (Plantago psyllium L.). The technique showed a level of effectiveness against weeds variable according to the year and, especially, the competitiveness of the crop; due to decreased use of labor that requires, it is considered promising no doubt. desiccation. This paper reports some results obtained from a two-year trial (2003-04 and 2004-05) the assessment of the effect of flame weeding on morfobiologiche and production characteristics of three medicinal plants: coriander (Coriandrum sativum L.), fennel seed (Foeniculum vulgare Mill.) and psyllium (Plantago psyllium L.). The technique showed a level of effectiveness against weeds variable according to the year and, especially, the competitiveness of the crop; due to decreased use of labor that requires, it is considered promising no doubt. desiccation. This paper reports some results obtained from a two-year trial (2003-04 and 2004-05) the assessment of the effect of flame weeding on morfobiologiche and production characteristics of three medicinal plants: coriander (Coriandrum sativum L.), fennel seed (Foeniculum vulgare Mill.) and psyllium (Plantago psyllium L.). The technique showed a level of effectiveness against weeds variable according to the year and, especially, the competitiveness of the crop; due to decreased use of labor that requires, it is considered promising no doubt. Coriander (Coriandrum sativum L.), fennel seed (Foeniculum vulgare Mill.) And Psyllium (Plantago psyllium L.). The technique showed a level of effectiveness against weeds variable according to the year and, especially, the competitiveness of the crop; due to decreased use of labor that requires, it is considered promising no doubt. Coriander (Coriandrum sativum L.), fenn
Original languageItalian
Pages (from-to)841-846
Number of pages7
JournalItalian Journal of Agronomy
Volume4
Publication statusPublished - 2009

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