INTERNET OUT OF CONTROL: THE ROLE OF SELF-ESTEEM AND PERSONALITY TRAITS IN PATHOLOGICAL INTERNET USE

Caterina La Cascia, Ettore Piro, Crocettarachele Sartorio, Daniele La Barbera, Giada Tripoli, Michele Inguglia, Alice Mulè, Irene Ruggirello, Lucia Sideli, Michele Inguglia

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: Young people seem particularly likely to develop pathological Internet use (PIU) with the use of socialnetworks, chat, and videos. Sensation-seeking, neuroticism, introversion, and low self-esteem are personality featuresfrequently associated with the disease. The aim of this study was to replicate and to extend previous findings byexploring the combined effect of personality traits and self-esteem on PIU.Method: A sample of 652 male students attending vocational technical schools in Palermo (Southern Italy) wasassessed using the following measures: the Zuckerman-Kuhlman Personality Questionnaire to evaluate personalitytraits; the Multidimensional Self-Concept Scale to assess self-esteem; the Tech Style Behavior to investigate PIU.Results: Pathological Internet Use was associated to age, feelings of low self-esteem and inadequate competence,impulsivity/sensation seeking, aggression-hostility, and sociability. However, in a multiple linear regression model,only sociability, aggression-hostility, competence, and age demonstrated a significant effect in the prediction of PIU.Conclusions: Expanding previous research, the findings suggest that low self-esteem, high aggression-hostility,and high sociability are significant risk factors for PIU. Therefore, primary prevention programmes should includeinterventions aimed at promoting self-competence, enhancing emotional skills, and developing effective copingstrategies.
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages6
JournalClinical Neuropsychiatry
Publication statusPublished - 2017

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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