Intensity-modulated extended-field chemoradiation plus simultaneous integrated boost in the pre-operative treatment of locally advanced cervical cancer: A dose-escalation study

Vito Chiantera, Aida Di Stefano, Giovanni Scambia, Savino Cilla, Francesco Legge, Francesco Deodato, Vito Chiantera, Gabriella Ferrandina, Gabriella Macchia, Vincenzo Valentini, Alessio G. Morganti, Giovanni Scambia

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5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: To investigate the feasibility and determine the recommended pre-operative intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) dose of extended-field chemoradiation along with simultaneous integrated boost (SIB) dose escalation. Methods: A radiation dose of 40Gy over 4 weeks, 2Gy/fraction, was delivered to the tumour and the lymphatic drainage (planning target volume, PTV3), which encompassed a volume larger than standard (common iliac lymphatic area up to its apex, in front of the L3 vertebra), concurrently with chemotherapy (cisplatin and 5-fluorouracil). Radiation dose was escalated to the pelvis (PTV2) and to the macroscopic disease (PTV1) with the SIB-IMRT strategy. Three dose levels were planned: Level 1 (PTV3: 40/2Gy; PTV2: 40/2Gy; PTV1: 45/2.25Gy), Level 2 (PTV3: 40/2Gy; PTV2: 45/2.25Gy; PTV1: 45/2.25Gy) and Level 3 (PTV3: 40/2Gy; PTV2: 45/2.25Gy; PTV1: 50/ 2.5Gy). All treatments were delivered in 20 fractions. Patients were treated in cohorts of between three and six per group using a Phase I study design. The recommended dose was exceeded if two of the six patients in a cohort experienced dose-limiting toxicity within 3months fromtreatment. Results: 19 patients [median age: 46 years; The International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics (FIGO) stage IB2: 3, IIB: 10, IIIA-IIIB: 6] were enrolled. Median follow-up was 24 months (9-60 months). The most common grade 3/4 toxicity was gastrointestinal (GI) (diarrhoea, mucous discharge, rectal/abdominal pain). At Levels 1 and 2, only one grade 3 GI toxicity per level was recorded, whereas at Level 3, two grade 3 GI toxicities (diarrhoea, emesis and nausea) were recorded. Conclusion: The SIB-IMRT technique was found to be feasible and safe at the recommended doses of 45Gy to PTV1 and PTV2 and 40Gy to PTV3 in the pre-operative treatment of patients with locally advanced cervical cancer. Unfortunately, this complex technique was unable to safely escalate dose beyond levels already achieved with three-dimensional conformal radiotherapy technique given acute GI toxicity. Advances in knowledge: A Phase I radiotherapy doseescalation trial with SIB-IMRT technique is proposed in cervical cancer. This complex technique is feasible and safe at the recommended doses.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)20150385-
Number of pages9
JournalBritish Journal of Radiology
Volume88
Publication statusPublished - 2015

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

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