Insulin synthesis in chick embryo retinas during development

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Retinas of chick embryos contain insulin and further, are capable of synthesizing it, as demonstrated by incubating retinas at different ages (7th-18th day) with [3H]leucine. The synthesized radioactive insulin was isolated and assayed by means of a HPLC procedure. The synthesis of insulin was found to be highest in the youngest retinas studied (day 7), afterwards it declined with age except for an increment found at 14-15 day. Explants of chick embryo retinas, cultured in vitro, rapidly degraded insulin. Nevertheless, the content of immunoreactive insulin in retinal explants diminished slowly with the age of culture, so that, after 8 days of incubation, it was about 60% of the content found in the retinas at the beginning of incubation. This was proof that cultured explants are capable of efficiently synthesizing insulin. The synthesized [3H]insulin was released from explants into the medium. This was evident also after 6-8 days in culture.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)821-825
Number of pages5
JournalNeurochemical Research
Publication statusPublished - 1994

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biochemistry
  • Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience

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