Influenza vaccination coverage among medical residents: An Italian multicenter survey

Walter Mazzucco, Claudio Costantino, Emanuele Amodio, Francesco Vitale, Anita Saponari, Chiara De Waure, Walter Ricciardi, Laura Morciano, Michele Quarto, Niccolò Lanati, Valeria Trabacchi, Valentina Di Gregori, Chiara Cadeddu, Mariar Gallea, Francesco Gilardi, Mariae Flacco, Silvia Mascaretti, Rocco Micò, Barbara Filisetti, Eugenia CarluccioElena Azzolini, Alessia Varetta, Raffaele Palladino, Veronica Galis, Serena Gallone, Cesare Baldini, Ennio Rustico, Paola Camia, Alessio Daniele Biafiore, Andrea Ziglio, Andrea Conti, Angela Zoccali, Mariaf Gallone, Elisabetta Franco, Maria Passaro, Manuela Bianco, Antonella Mattei, Raffaele Palladino, Mariar Gallea, Elena Azzolini, Roberta Siliquini, Roberto Furnari, Nicola Nante, Roberto Fallico, Gabriele Pelissero, Orazioc Grillo, Francescos Schioppa, Maria Passaro, Paolo Cacciari, Umberto Gelatti, Margherita Bergomi, Leila Fabiani, Maria Triassi, Carlo Signorelli, Carmelo Nobile, Annar Giuliani, Gabriele Romano, Lucia Borsari, Giuseppe Napoli

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31 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Although influenza vaccination is recognized to be safe and effective, recent studies have confirmed that immunization coverage among health care workers remain generally low, especially among medical residents (MRs). Aim of the present multicenter study was to investigate attitudes and determinants associated with acceptance of influenza vaccination among Italian MRs. A survey was performed in 2012 on MRs attending post-graduate schools of 18 Italian Universities. Each participant was interviewed via an anonymous, self-administered, web-based questionnaire including questions on attitudes regarding influenza vaccination. A total of 2506 MRs were recruited in the survey and 299 (11.9%) of these stated they had accepted influenza vaccination in 2011-2012 season. Vaccinated MRs were older (P = 0.006), working in clinical settings (P = 0.048), and vaccinated in the two previous seasons (P<0.001 in both seasons). Moreover, MRs who had recommended influenza vaccination to their patients were significantly more compliant with influenza vaccination uptake in 2011-2012 season (P<0.001). "To avoid spreading influenza among patients" was recognized as the main reason for accepting vaccination by less than 15% of vaccinated MRs. Italian MRs seem to have a very low compliance with influenza vaccination. And they seem to accept influenza vaccination as a habit that is unrelated to professional and ethical responsibility. Otherwise, residents who refuse vaccination in the previous seasons usually maintain their behaviors. Promoting correct attitudes and good practice in order to improve the influenza immunization rates of MRs could represent a decisive goal for increasing immunization coverage among health care workers of the future.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1204-1210
Number of pages7
JournalHUMAN VACCINES &amp; IMMUNOTHERAPEUTICS
Volume10
Publication statusPublished - 2014

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology
  • Pharmacology

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