INFLUENCE OF CONVOLUTION FILTERING ON CORONARY PLAQUE ATTENUATION VALUES: OBSERVATIONS IN AN EX VIVO MODEL OF MULTISLICE COMPUTED TOMOGRAPHY CORONARY ANGIOGRAPHY.

Ludovico La Grutta, Tommaso Vincenzo Bartolotta, Massimo Midiri, Alessandro Palumbo, Ludovico L. La Grutta, Erica Maffei, Giuseppe Runza, Stefan Verheye, Nico R.A. Mollet, Michiel Knaapen, Nico Bruining, Ronald Hamers, Filippo Cademartiri, Pamela Somers, Giuseppe Runza

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Abstract

Attenuation variability ( measured in Hounsfield Units, HU) of human coronary plaques using multislice computed tomography (MSCT) was evaluated in an ex vivo model with increasing convolution kernels. MSCT was performed in seven ex vivo left coronary arteries sunk into oil followingthe instillation of saline (1/infinity) and a 1/50 solution of contrast material ( 400 mgI/ml iomeprol). Scan parameters were: slices/ collimation, 16/0.75 mm; rotation time, 375 ms. Four convolution kernels were used: b30f-smooth, b36f-medium smooth, b46f-medium and b60f-sharp. An experienced radiologist scored for the presence of plaques and measured the attenuation in lumen, calcified and noncalcified plaques and the surrounding oil. The results were compared by the ANOVA test and correlated with Pearson's test. The signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) and contrast-to-noise ratio (CNR) were calculated. The mean attenuation values were significantly different between the four filters ( p < 0.0001) in each structure with both solutions. After clustering for the filter, all of the noncalcified plaque values (20.8 +/- 39.1, 14.2 +/- 35.8, 14.0 +/- 32.0, 3.2 +/- 32.4 HU with saline; 74.7 +/- 66.6, 68.2 +/- 63.3, 66.3 +/- 66.5, 48.5 +/- 60.0 HU in contrast solution) were significantly different, with the exception of the pair b36f - b46f, for which a moderate-high correlation was generally found. Improved SNRs and CNRs were achieved by b30f and b46f. The use of different convolution filters significantly modifief the attenuation values, while sharper filtering increased the calcified plaque attenuation and reduced the noncalcified plaque attenuation
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1842-1849
Number of pages8
JournalEuropean Radiology
Volume17
Publication statusPublished - 2007

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

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    La Grutta, L., Bartolotta, T. V., Midiri, M., Palumbo, A., La Grutta, L. L., Maffei, E., Runza, G., Verheye, S., Mollet, N. R. A., Knaapen, M., Bruining, N., Hamers, R., Cademartiri, F., Somers, P., & Runza, G. (2007). INFLUENCE OF CONVOLUTION FILTERING ON CORONARY PLAQUE ATTENUATION VALUES: OBSERVATIONS IN AN EX VIVO MODEL OF MULTISLICE COMPUTED TOMOGRAPHY CORONARY ANGIOGRAPHY. European Radiology, 17, 1842-1849.