Purpose: To evaluate the incidence, predictors and clinical outcome of pancreatic fistulas in patients receiving splenectomy during cytoreductive surgery for advanced or recurrent ovarian cancer. Methods: Data of women who underwent splenectomy during cytoreduction for advanced or recurrent ovarian cancer from December 2012 to May 2018 were retrospectively retrieved from the oncological databases of five institutions. Surgical, post-operative and follow-up data were analysed. Results: Overall, 260 patients were included in the study. Pancreatic resection was performed in 45 (17.6%) women, 23 of whom received capsule resection alone, while 22 required tail resection. Hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy (HIPEC) was administered in 28 (10.8%) patients. In the overall population, a pancreatic fistula was detected in 32 (12.3%) patients, and pancreatic resection (p-value = 0.033) and HIPEC administration (p-value = 0.039) were associated with fistula development. In multivariate analysis, HIPEC (OR = 2.573; p-value = 0.058) was confirmed as a risk factor for fistula development in women receiving splenectomy alone, while concomitant cholecystectomy (OR = 2.680; p-value = 0.012) was identified as the only independent predictor of the occurrence of pancreatic fistulas in those receiving additional distal pancreatectomy. Although the median length of hospital stay was higher in women with pancreatic leakage (p-value = 0.008), the median time from surgery to adjuvant treatment was not significantly increased. Conclusion: HIPEC was identified as a risk factor for pancreatic fistulas in patients who underwent splenectomy alone, while concomitant cholecystectomy was the only independent predictor of fistula in those receiving additional pancreatectomy. The development of pancreatic leakage was not associated with increased post-operative mortality or delay in the initiation of chemotherapy.
- Obstetrics and Gynaecology