Improvement of interation in and properties of PMMA-MWNT nanocompositesthrough microwave assisted acid treatment of MWNT

Eugenio Caponetti, Luyt, Alberto Spinella

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15 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Soluble derivatives of multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWNT) embedded in a poly(methylmethacrylate) (PMMA) matrix forming thick, homogeneous and transparent nanocomposites, were prepared and characterized. A new photo-assisted method using microwaves, to purify the MWNTs from amorphous carbon and synthesis catalyst clusters, was tested in a sulphonitric mix. This method shortened the processing time compared to other methods. Pristine and functionalized MWNTs were introduced into the MMA, then in situ photo-polymerized. Transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and X-ray diffractometry (XRD), as well as Fourier-transform infrared (FTIR), Raman and nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy were used to monitor the effects of the treatment on the different components. The thermal properties of the composites were determined through differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) and thermogravimetric analysis (TGA). The short, microwave treated and polyethylene glycol (PEG) functionalized MWNTs showed the best dispersion in and interaction with PMMA, and had the most significant influence on the thermal properties of this polymer.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)61-69
Number of pages9
JournalEuropean Polymer Journal
Volume49
Publication statusPublished - 2013

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Physics and Astronomy
  • Organic Chemistry
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Materials Chemistry

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