Impact of mediterranean diet on chronic non-communicable diseases and longevity

Ligia Juliana Dominguez Rodriguez, Nicola Veronese, Giovanna Di Bella, Mario Barbagallo, Nicola Veronese, Giovanna Di Bella, Mario Barbagallo, Ligia J. Dominguez

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The average life expectancy of the world population has increased remarkably in the past 150 years and it is still increasing. A long life is a dream of humans since the beginning of time but also a dream is to live it in good physical and mental condition. Nutrition research has focused on recent decades more on food combination patterns than on individual foods/nutrients due to the possible synergistic/antagonistic effects of the components in a dietary model. Various dietary patterns have been associated with health benefits, but the largest body of evidence in the literature is attributable to the traditional dietary habits and lifestyle followed by populations from the Mediterranean region. After the Seven Countries Study, many prospective observational studies and trials in diverse populations reinforced the beneficial effects associated with a higher adherence to the Mediterranean diet in reference to the prevention/management of age-associated non-communicable diseases, such as cardiovascular and metabolic diseases, neurodegenerative diseases, cancer, depression, respiratory diseases, and fragility fractures. In addition, the Mediterranean diet is ecologically sustainable. Therefore, this immaterial world heritage constitutes a healthy way of eating and living respecting the environment.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-32
Number of pages32
JournalNutrients
Volume13
Publication statusPublished - 2021

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Food Science
  • Nutrition and Dietetics

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