Il Tempio di Ercole a Sabratha. Architettura e contesto urbano

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Abstract

[automatically translated] The volume is the issue of the Temple of Hercules in Sabratha (Libya). A first chapter is devoted to the architectural consistency of the building and includes a catalog of architectural elements, including fragments of the frieze-architrave with the IRT 29 membership that allows you to secure the building dating to 186 AD The following is a chapter focused on geometry of the temple, whose study made it possible to fix the design module and substantiate the hypothetical reconstructions of its floor plan up to a considerable level of detail, having the opportunity to present a complete reconstructive plant. The third chapter deals with the excavations carried out to determine the nature and size of the existing buildings and, above all, the moment of the final collapse of the Temple, to connect to the disastrous earthquake of 365 AD, after the earthquake of the same century had affected the structures, creating the need for a rather substantial restoration of the tracks are highlighted. In chapter includes the complete catalog of excavated finds. Still, the fourth chapter, the historical architectural style, examines the question of the type that owns the Temple of Hercules, one of the so-called "Romano-African temple", addressing the complex issue of the classification and cultural roots of these buildings also consider the specificity of typological variation that owns the building in question, that of the fence with apsidal arcades, not mere formal variant, but solution, written in Roman key, the problem of the tripling of places of worship, found in many places of worship from the plant related to the Semitic architectural tradition. The final chapter, the fifth takes into account the urban context in which it entered the temple by identifying the reasons for its specific location in the so-called "Theatre District" in the need for a sacred building dedicated to an important local deity, but with obvious connections with the imperial cult, completion of a new forensic square in the "new" part of the second century the city, after the original square was transformed from a place of merchant activity in the space of representation. The book closes with extensive appendix where they will address the paintings that decorated the apses, the only aspect taken into consideration by the previous publication, in which the ' architectonic system was only briefly described. Paintings proposes a different interpretation which takes into account the local cultural context.
Original languageItalian
Publisher"L'Erma" di Bretschneider
ISBN (Print)978-88-8265-771-0
Publication statusPublished - 2013

Publication series

NameMonografie di Archeologia Libica, 33

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