[automatically translated] The phenomenon of commuting today involves large sections of the population, manifesting through systematic trips, often daily, from their place of residence to another destination, for study or work. The definition of commuter movement is independent of the distance or the travel time. Typically, commuters moving between different areas of metropolitan regions, following multimodal paths, also made up of routes of "soft mobility" (walking or cycling). The lack of a culture of urban planning, the spread on the territory of the residential functions and centralization of production and business activities have led, in recent decades, an intense growth of commuting phenomena. Due to the remarkable development of urban centers, become real "city spread", the duration of commuting has undergone strong increases, occupying, in many cases, much of the life of the travelers. Commuting is also considered one of the factors that contribute most to air pollution, because of the underground road network congestion. The result is an increasing degradation of the "quality" of life for the same commuters and individuals residing in areas adjacent to major thoroughfares. To solve these problems, it has long claimed the orientation to develop policies for the promotion of the use of collective transport, aimed, in particular, to achieve improvements in public services both on efficiency and on that effectiveness. However, in general, the focus is to offer design of the single mode of transport, without considering the integration with other forms of public transport and in the manner of "soft mobility". It follows a lack of competitiveness of public transport services, with the consequence of a very unbalanced modal split in favor of the car.
|Number of pages||12|
|Publication status||Published - 2012|