Objectives. To investigate the expression of IL-34 in labial salivary glands (LSGs) of patients with primary SS (p-SS) and its role in inducing a pro-inflammatory monocyte phenotype. Methods. LSG biopsies were obtained from 20 patients with p-SS and 10 patients with non-Sjögren's sicca syndrome (n-SS). The expression of IL-34, IL-1β, TNF-α, IL-17 and IL-23 was assessed by real-time PCR. IL-34 expression was also investigated in LSGs by immunohistochemistry. The frequencies of subpopulations of CD14+ monocytes were evaluated by flow cytometry among isolated mononuclear cells from peripheral blood and salivary glands from both patients and controls. The role of recombinant IL-34 on isolated peripheral blood mononuclear cells was also evaluated. Results. IL-34 m-RNA was overexpressed in the inflamed salivary glands of p-SS and associated with increased expression of TNF-α, IL-1β, IL-17 and IL-23p19. The increased expression of IL-34 was confirmed by immunohistochemistry in paraffin-embedded salivary glands from p-SS patients. IL-34 expression was accompanied by the expansion of pro-inflammatory CD14brightCD16+ monocytes in the salivary glands. In vitro stimulation of peripheral blood mononuclear cells with IL-34 induced the expansion of both CD14+CD16- cells and CD14brightCD16+ cells in p-SS and non-SS subjects. Conclusion. IL-34 seems to be involved in the pathogenesis of salivary gland inflammation in p-SS.
|Number of pages||9|
|Publication status||Published - 2013|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Pharmacology (medical)
Guarnotta, C., Sireci, G., Ciccia, F., Triolo, G., Campisi, G., Giardina, A., Guggino, G., De Leo, G., Rodolico, V., Raimondo, S., & Alessandro, R. (2013). IL-34 is overexpressed in the inflamed salivary glands of patients with Sjogren's syndrome and is associated with the local expansion of pro-inflammatory CD14brightCD16+ monocytes. Rheumatology, 52, 1009-1017.