HIV-Infected Children andNutrition: The Friend and The Foe

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

The impact of nutrition on HIV-infected children has been evaluated inmultiple studies. Our review of the current trends of nutrition-related studiesrevealed that the focus has moved from simply the disease consequences of HIV toensuring that antiretroviral therapy-treated children are well nourished to ensuregrowth and development. This update aims to present the state of the art regardingnutrition of HIV-infected children and the real potential for nutrition to serveas a dynamic therapy in this group. Recent World Health Organization reportsindicate that the HIV/AIDS disease is curbing in incidence worldwide despite thehigh 1.8 million children, less than 15 years, reported in 2017. In addition, theliterature supports the complexity and bidirectional relation between nutritionand HIV. HIV infection has a substantial effect on the nutritional status, in particular,the gastrointestinal side effects, which, in turn, have a profound impact onHIV infection. Advances in the field have transformed the course of the diseaseinto a chronic illness, where more attention was given to lifestyle and quality of lifeincluding nutrition. However, achievement of food security, nutrition accessibility,and appropriate handling of nutrition-related complications of HIV infection areremarkable challenges
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationNutrition and HIV/AIDS - Implication for Treatment, Prevention and Cure
Pages1-11
Number of pages11
Publication statusPublished - 2018

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Leone, A. (2018). HIV-Infected Children andNutrition: The Friend and The Foe. In Nutrition and HIV/AIDS - Implication for Treatment, Prevention and Cure (pp. 1-11)