Identification of thyroid stem cells in the past few years has made important contributions to our understanding of the cellular and molecular mechanisms that induce tissue regeneration and repair. Embryonic stem (ES) cells and induced-pluripotent stem cells have been used to establish reliable protocols to obtain mature thyrocytes and functional follicles for the treatment of thyroid diseases in mice. In addition, the discovery of resident thyroid progenitor cells, along with other sources of stem cells, has defined in detail the mechanisms responsible for tissue repair upon moderate or severe organ injury.In this chapter, we highlight in detail the current state of research on thyroid stem cells by focusing on (1) the description of the first experiments performed to obtain thyroid follicles from embryonic stem cells, (2) the identification of resident stem cells in the thyroid gland, and (3) the definition of the current translational in vivo and in vitro models used for thyroid tissue repair and regeneration.
|Title of host publication||Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology|
|Number of pages||13|
|Publication status||Published - 2019|
|Name||ADVANCES IN EXPERIMENTAL MEDICINE AND BIOLOGY|
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)