Hemoprotozoa of domestic animals in France: Prevalence and molecular characterization

Annalisa Agnone, Agnone, Etievant, Buling, Angelina Alongi, Buling, Pingret, Boucraut-Baralon, Criado-Fornelio, Alessandra Torina

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    72 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Very limited information is available on epizootiology of haematozoan infections inFrench domestic animals. In an attempt to address this issue, prevalence of piroplasmidawas studied in carnivores and ruminants, whereas prevalence of Hepatozoon spp. was onlyinvestigated in carnivores. In total, 383 animals were included in the survey (namely 116cats, 108 dogs, 91 sheep and 68 cows). Parasite diagnosis was carried out using molecularmethods such as PCR and sequencing of the 18S rRNA gene. In addition, ruminant sampleswere analyzed with the reverse line blotting technique (RLB). Results of RLB and PCR plussequencing were in total agreement.In carnivores, haematozoan prevalence was close to 1%. Two cats were infected by H.canis (1.7% prevalence) and one of them was co-infected by Cytauxzoon sp. (0.8%). Thisrepresents the first finding of both pathogens in French cats. One dog was infected by H.canis (0.9%) and another by Babesia canis vogeli (0.9%).In ruminants, haematozoan prevalence (piroplasmida) was significantly higher than incarnivores (4.8% in sheep and 8.8% in cow). Theileria ovis was found in 1 sheep, Theileria sp.in 2 sheep, Theileria buffeli in 5 cows and B. major in 1 cow.Evidence presented in this contribution indicates that haematic protozoa are notwidely distributed in domestic mammal populations of France.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)73-76
    Number of pages4
    JournalVeterinary Parasitology
    Volume159
    Publication statusPublished - 2009

    All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

    • Parasitology
    • General Veterinary

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